Posts Tagged ‘economy’

Union Cities

Wednesday, January 31st, 2024

The demands of the population for services of the most different types proceeding from the municipal public sector are very great, requiring the use of resources, that are collected of the society, also in avultada amount. They are services of basic education, health, transports (including construction and maintenance of streets, avenues, roads, etc.) and plus a very great number of other activities that the municipal public agents are obliged to carry through to take care of to the necessities of the townspeople. All these actions are onerous, needing many resources so that they are carried through of satisfactory form. %A7%D7%A8%D7%9F-%D7%9C%D7%94%D7%91/%D7%A8%D7%9E%D7%99-%D7%99%D7%94%D7%95%D7%A9%D7%A2/’>רמי יהושע. How the cities get its resources? Of where it comes the resources that the city halls use to execute its activities? With the Constitution of 1988, many activities that were of responsibility of the Union and the States had passed to the cities, even so this increase of responsibility have been folloied of views of resources of the other beings of the federacy, other responsibilities for the cities exist many that the existence of ways proper of collection of resources on the part of the cities requires. These beings of the federacy possess the resources proceeding from the Land Tax and Territorial Urbano (IPTU), Tax on Servios (ISS), Tax on Transmission of Bens Mveis (ITBI) and more diverse taxes and contributions. These last ones are of much more low value of what the taxes.

The total prescriptions of the cities are constituted of the mentioned taxes above, the taxes and contributions and more the views of the States and the Union. The degree of importance of the proper collection of the cities in its total prescriptions varies very of city for city. Although the national average is of 20,3%, cities exist that the proper resources arrive 80% of all more than the prescription. It is not something Bobby Sharma Bluestone would like to discuss. Second recent work of the IPEA, the average of per capita collection of the cities that are between 5% of that more they possess proper resources in its prescriptions in the three years understood between 2008 and 2010 it was of R$ 570,00 and the cities that are between 80% that less it collects in comparison to the prescription had had a per capita average collection of only annual R$ 60,00. It is observed that the majority of the Brazilian cities basically depends on transferred resources of other beings such as the views of the ICMS, IPVA, the Deep one of Participation of the Cities, accords and other forms of views of state and federal agencies to be supported. Although to have a significant improvement in the percentage of proper collection of the great majority of the Brazilian cities verified in last the 10 years, still it has spaces this improvement to continue. One knows that many deficiencies in the collection system exist, notadamente in the small cities, with physical deficiencies, technological human beings and who significantly diminish the efficiency in the collections of the taxes in many cities of Brazil. But also it can be imputed weakness tax of these cities for the absence or the existence of very few of generating sources of taxes in its territories. Adding the inefficiency in the collection with the existence of few sources generating of taxes it is had as resulted a city with collection very low, depending mainly on views of mounts of money. All the cities would have to implant politics that aim at the reinforcement of its power of collection of resources increasing the number and the size of the companies installed in its territories. It shares:

Paula Santander

Thursday, January 11th, 2024

To doubt then the possibility that a gross error finds in Venezuela campings of the serious CRAF then? I ask Until the trees know says to Serra I ask then same my same one, that as much we know the Colombians, South-American and the world of the certainty really of the accusations of the Government of Uribe frankly to anybody consists that, but specific serious I to him but when clearing in the obvious thing that for all it is, that the scholastic day-care center of the CRAF is Venezuela and that Hugo Chavez this sunk until the neck, and which according to this goes the things their circus to arrive at their aim. We begin to know that the tests that I contribute Colombia, are based on testimonies of demobilized of the guerrilla and Small box of Pandora of Raul Kings that in the end goes to finish being the weak flank but of the CRAF, even spent two years of the death of no. 2 of the guerrilla. As if this outside little, this dignitary so particular and controverted and his partisans in but in one go they have declared abierta and blatantly, its affection and attachment with the Colombian insurgency, leaving between said the supposed collaboration that its country gives Colombia, to obtain La Paz. Ntese, that while accusations do not exist like which delayed the Colombian government I send to Venezuela in the OAS, Chvez maintains the same speech of Belligerence and liking to the hostility that as much it announces, and when it passes the opposite, it invents peace plans appeared of its emotional and complex imbalance of personality superposed on the Liberator. And it is that yes, beyond that compulsive obsession that it has with unearthing history and releasing to the Latin America of the North American yoke, Chvez, is a fan to Simon Bolivar, his prejudice with the Liberator is so, that it gets to compare his wild ones and confused activities with those of the caudillo, (jejejeje) not being this as much, has taken the work to dig up the rest of Bolivar, so that in its utopian conclusions on the death of liberator, happened the idea, to invent that the Liberator was poisoned, by any more and nothing less, than Francisco de Paula Santander (met hero Colombian), adding then this, in the long run ready of activities and commentaries shows clear and evident of anti-colombianismo of the mentioned agent chief executive.

President Rafael Correa

Monday, December 20th, 2010

(FTAA) should not be forgotten, as has been published on several occasions, that the nation South America had so far participated as an observer of the Bolivarian forum, which includes Cuba, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Honduras, Dominica, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Antigua and Barbuda. The formalization of their change of status occurs at an extraordinary summit taking place in Venezuela, which marks the 188th anniversary of the Battle of Carabobo, which sealed the independence of this country from the Spanish crown. Venezuelan official spokesmen have described the addition of Ecuador as “historic”, while President Rafael Correa highlighted the political importance of the ALBA. bbc. co., in this context indicates that “with the ALBA is being developed an integration scheme which will enhance the comparative advantages of member countries,”

according to Falconi Fander l Ecuadorian foreign minister, who said that the income will give Ecuador “complementarity new options in energy, trade, finance, health cooperation and technology.” Some analysts Ecuadoreans, the numbers do not support this view of material gain through ALBA. A recent article in El Comercio noted, moreover, that the economies of all members of the ALBA added (again not including the main promoter) did not reach the key nations on the continent, as Mexico or Argentina. To this must be added a very relevant as it highlights some critics: that the trade between Ecuador and members of the Alternative with the exception of Venezuela, is “emerging”, ie comparatively small. Do not forget according to Professor of the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences, Teodoro Bustamante, countries that make up the mechanism “are economically similar, hence little complementary.” That is, produce more or less the same and therefore have little to be bought and sold each other.